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Communication Department​

6/15/2022 12:00 AM
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Indonesia’s External Debt Decreased in April 2022

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Indonesia recorded a lower external debt position in April 2022. At the end of April 2022, the position of external debt in Indonesia stood at USD409.5 billion, down from USD412.1 billion in the previous month. Such conditions were primarily explained by a lower debt position in the public sector (Government and Central Bank). Annually, therefore, the position of external debt experienced a deeper 2.2% (yoy) contraction in April 2022, after declining 1.0% (yoy) the month earlier.

Government external debt maintained a downward trend in April 2022. The position of government external debt reduced to USD190.5 billion in the reporting period from USD196.2 billion in March 2022. Annually, government external debt contracted 7.3% (yoy), deeper than the previous month’s contraction of 3.4% (yoy). The decline stemmed from several series of government securities (SBN) maturing in April 2022, coupled with a rebalancing of placements by non-resident investors spurred by persistently high global financial market uncertainty. Loans also experienced a net payment as loan repayments were higher than withdrawals to support priority project and program funding. External debt disbursements in April 2022 were prioritised to support productive sectors and accelerate the national economic recovery program. Government external debt support to fund productive sectors and priority expenditures targeted human health and social activities (24.6% of total government external debt), education (16.5%), public administration, defence and compulsory social security (15.1%), construction (14.2%) as well as insurance and financial services (11.7%). The government remains firmly committed to maintaining credibility by servicing principal and interest repayment obligations punctually, while managing external debt prudently, credibly and unaccountably. The current position of government external debt is considered safe and manageable in terms of short-term refinancing risk, considering that 99.96% is dominated by long-term maturities.

Private external debt increased slightly compared with the conditions one month earlier. The position of private external debt in April 2022 increased marginally by 0.03% (yoy) to reach USD210.2 billion after contracting 1.6% (yoy) the month earlier. The uptick was triggered by 0.5% (yoy) growth of external debt at non-financial corporations, increased from 0.7% (yoy) contraction in the previous month, dominated by corporate global bonds issued in the mining and drilling sector. In addition, external debt at financial corporations experienced a shallower 1.9% (yoy) contraction in the reporting period compared with 5.0% (yoy) contraction in March 2022. By sector, the main contributors to private external debt in the reporting period were insurance and financial services, mining and drilling, electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply as well as the manufacturing industry, accounting for 77.1% of total private external debt. Furthermore, 75.7% of total private external debt was dominated by long-term tenors.

The structure of external debt in Indonesia remains sound, supported by prudential management. External debt in Indonesia was still manageable in April 2022, as reflected by a decrease in the ratio of external debt to gross domestic product (GDP) from 33.7% in March 2022 to 32.5% in the reporting period. In addition, external debt in Indonesia remains dominated by long-term debt, accounting for 87.5% of the total external debt. Seeking to maintain a sound structure, Bank Indonesia and the Government continued to strengthen coordination in terms of monitoring external debt, supported by the application of prudential principles, while optimising the role of external debt to support development financing and drive the national economic recovery, as well as minimise the risks that could impact economic stability.

Further information and metadata are presented in the publication of Indonesia's External Debt Statistics (SULNI) June 2022 edition on the Bank Indonesia website. This publication can also be accessed through the Ministry of Finance website.

Jakarta, 15th June 2022

Head of Communication Department
Erwin Haryono
Executive Director

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Tel. 021-131, email:


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Halaman ini terakhir diperbarui 6/15/2022 10:39 AM
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