BI 7-Day Reverse Repo Rate Held at 4.75% Maintaining Stability, Supporting Economic Recovery Amid Global Uncertainty - Bank Sentral Republik Indonesia
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August 26, 2019

No. 19/ 6 /DKom

The BI Board of Governors agreed on 18-19th January 2017 to hold the BI 7-day (Reverse) Repo Rate (BI-7 day RR Rate) at 4.75%, while maintaining the Deposit Facility (DF) and Lending Facility (LF) rates at 4.00% and 5.50% respectively, effective 20th January 2017. The decision was consistent with Bank Indonesia’s effort to maintain macroeconomic and financial system stability, while keep optimizing domestic economic recovery amid uncertainties in the global financial market. After performing relatively well throughout 2016, improvement in the national economic outlook is expected to continue, with stronger growth combined with maintained macroeconomic and financial system stability. Bank Indonesia will continue to monitor risks in 2017. Globally, the risks include the policy directions taken in the US and China and global oil price hike, while the domestic risks are linked to the impact of administered prices (AP) on inflation. Consequently, Bank Indonesia will continue to optimise its monetary, macroprudential and payment system policy mix in order to maintain macroeconomic and financial system stability, while considering the impact on the optimilization of economic recovery. Furthermore, Bank Indonesia will strengthen policy coordination with the Government, focusing on inflation control to keep within the target range, as well as structural reforms to support sustainable economic growth.

Bank Indonesia predicts the global economy to improve, supported by gains in the US and China, albeit several risks that need to be observed. The US economy has been buoyed by increased consumption and non-residential investment. In addition, US unemployment is low and inflation is on track to meet its long-term target. Growth in China has also accelerated, reflected by increased retail sales and private investment. On the commodity markets, the global oil price is expected to follow an upward trend, while export prices from Indonesia improved on the back of coal and various metals, including copper and lead. Looking forward, several global risks shall continue to demand vigilance, including the impact of US fiscal and international trade policy, Federal Funds Rate (FFR) hikes that could raise the cost of borrowing, economic and financial rebalancing in China, as well as geopolitical risks.

The domestic economy remained within expectation in the fourth quarter of 2016. Actual government spending was lower than expected but consumption and investment remained solid. Externally, exports surged as trading partner economies improved and international commodity prices rebounded. Bank Indonesia expects the export gains to persist, not only supported by exports of commodities but also manufactured products, the outlook for which continue to improve. Consequently, economic growth in 2016 is predicted at around 5% (yoy). In 2017, however, the economic recovery should continue, driven by exports and investment as financing increases from bank loans and nonbank financing. On the other hand, stable household consumption is also predicted.

Indonesia’s balance of payments during the fourth quarter of 2016 was expected to record a relatively large surplus and lower than expected current account deficit. The BOP surplus was bolstered by a large capital and financial account surplus along with sound export performance. Meanwhile, the low current account deficit was supported by a large non-oil and gas trade surplus thanks to robust export performance. This brings the position of official reserve assets in Indonesia at the end of December 2016 stood at USD116.4 billion, up from USD111.5 billion the month earlier, equivalent to 8.8 months of imports or 8.4 months of imports and servicing government external debt, which is well above the international standard of three months.

After pressures following the result of the US election, the rupiah appreciated in December as capital flowed back onto domestic financial markets. Point-to-point, the rupiah appreciated 0.59% (mtm) to close at a level of Rp13,473 per USD in line with a deluge of capital inflow, primarily to government debt securities (SUN). In contrast, outflow from the domestic stock market decreased after the FFR hike, with a reversal noted at the end of December 2016 to record an inflow. Point-to-point, in 2016, the rupiah appreciated 2.32% (ytd) on the positive investor perception of the domestic economic outlook, which attracted non-resident capital. Bank Indonesia will remain vigilant of risks from the global financial uncertainty, however, while continuing to stabilise the rupiah in line with the currency’s fundamental value and maintaining market mechanisms.

Bank Indonesia maintained low inflation throughout 2016, towards the floor of the inflation target, namely 4±1%. CPI inflation in December 2016 was recorded at 0.42% (mtm), down from 0.47% (mtm) the month earlier. Therefore, inflation of 3.02% (yoy) was recorded for the year. Low inflation was supported by low core inflation and minimal administered prices, while inflationary pressures on volatile foods remained. Such achievements were supported by Bank Indonesia policy and increasingly solid coordination with the central and local governments to control inflation. Moving forward, efforts to control inflation will confront risks that demand vigilance, primarily in the form of administered prices adjustments along with government’s structural reform policies in energy subsidies, as well as risks of volatile food inflation. To that end, policy coordination between Bank Indonesia and the Government will constantly be strengthened.

Financial system remained stable, supported by resilience of the banking industry. In November 2016, the Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) was recorded at 22.8% and the liquidity ratio at 20.5%. Meanwhile, non-performing loans (NPL) were recorded at 3.2% (gross) or 1.4% (net). The looser monetary and macroprudential policy stance was able to lower deposit rate by 131 bps, working capital loan rate by 94 bps, investment loan rate by 79 bps, consumption loan rate by 23 bps during January-November 2016. Credit growth in November 2016 was recorded at 8.5% (yoy), down from 9.8% (yoy) one year earlier. On the other hand, economic financing increased through the capital market in the form of stocks (IPO and right issue), corporate bonds and medium-term notes (MTN). Deposit growth accelerated in November 2016 from 7.7% (yoy) the year earlier to 8.4% (yoy). Consequently, Bank Indonesia predicts credit growth in the 10-12% range and deposit growth at around 9-11% in 2017 in line with increased economic activity and the looser monetary and macroprudential policy stance adopted.

Jakarta, 19th January 2017
Communication Departement

Executive Director



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