About Indonesia and Jakarta - Bank Sentral Republik Indonesia
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March 25, 2017

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About Indonesia

The Republic of Indonesia is an archipelago country in Southeast Asia and stradded the equator situated between the continents of Asia and Australia, and between the Pacific and the Indian Oceans. Indonesia is the largest archipelago consisting of over 13,487 large and small islands, spreading along the equator. The main largest islands are Sumatera, Java (with the most populous), Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Papua. Currently Indonesia consists of 36 provinces.

With a population of over 258 million in 2016, Indonesia is the fourth largest population in the world and the largest Muslim country in the world with over 207 million people. The form of the Indonesian government is the republic.

The capital city of Indonesia is Jakarta.  The national symbol of Indonesia is “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika” or Unity in Diversity, meaning the unity has formed a nation. Besides having dense population and vast territory, Indonesia is rich in natural resources. The Indonesian coat of arms is Garuda Pancasila with Pancasila as the ideology, and Indonesia Raya as the national anthem. The official language is Indonesia, however for daily conversation most people in Indonesia can speak English.

Indonesia is rich in cultural diversity, each region has its own unique and different cultural characteristic, local language, dance, custom and dress. The most proud heritage is batik that has been acknowledged by the UNESCO on 2 October 2009 to become the Indonesian cultural heritage. Indonesia has tropical climate with 2 seasons, rainy and hot which varies from one region to another.

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About Jakarta

Jakarta Special Capital Region is the capital city of the Republic of Indonesia. Jakarta is located in the northwest of Java island which in the old days was known as Batavia.

Jakarta has an area of approximately 661,52 km2 with over 10 million inhabitants. As the centre of business, politics and education, Jakarta is the most favourite city for the people living in other regions who wish to expand their businesses and pursue their educations. As a result, the population of Jakarta is increasing rapidly over the years indicating in the high level of congestion.

Historically, Jakarta or previously known as Batavia, was the large and important city. Since the past decades Batavia was the centre of trade with many foreign nations arriving in the city through Sunda Kelapa Harbor since the 16th era. Development increasingly occurred and Dutch occupied the Archipelago (Indonesian islands). Many people from other parts of the Archipelago were recruited to be employed as workers such as from Bali, Sulawesi, Maluku, Tiongkok. Further, such workers established each community spreading to other parts of Batavia. It is therefore, since the old days Jakarta has been known as a city with multi tribes. 

Nowadays, Jakarta is the city with the rapid economic growth, and around 70% of the money being circulated in Jakarta. The economic growth in Jakarta is mostly supported by trade, service, property, creative industry and finance. Some of the trade centre in which the significant large of money is being circulated, are in the area of Tanah Abang dan Glodok. Each of these two areas is the centre of textile distributed to the whole areas of Indonesia. The locations of these places are close to Museum Bank Indonesia.

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Istiqlal Mosque Ondel-ondel Monas Katedral
 

 

 

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